The role of honeybees within an ecosystem is the primary consideration. The relationship between
bees and people has become central to this understanding. People can damage irretrievably the
balance between bees and their environment. Our actions can have direct and indirect consequences
on the population of honeybee colonies within an area. Direct effects are the transfer of pests and
diseases, resulting from the introduction of diseased bees or contaminated\ted equipment by
beekeepers. Imported bees can have deleterious effects on local bee populations. Indirect
consequences occur through environmental damage such as destruction of habitat, or through
poisoning at lethal and sub-lethal levels by the use of pesticides, agrochemicals and pollution.
The welfare of honeybees lies at the heart of sustainable beekeeping: health resides not just in an
individual colony, but in the whole honeybee population of a region. Beekeepers have often focused
on their own apiaries, ignoring wider welfare. However, honeybees behave without regard for human
boundaries. They can forage 10km from their nest to find diverse sources of nutrition.
management, but stresses bees.